We see youre using a mobile device.
Would you like to try our mobile site: m.gsa.gov?
Historic Preservation - Technical Procedures
Applying Hot Wax To Outdoor Bronze
Outdoor Sculpture Manual - Center For Public Buildings
Applying Hot Wax To Outdoor Bronze
APPLYING HOT WAX TO OUTDOOR BRONZE
A. This procedure includes guidance on applying a hot wax
sacrificial coating to outdoor bronze. This barrier
helps prevent harmful atmospheric pollutants from
contacting and reacting with the surface. The
application of hot wax to a heated surface, followed by
sacrificial coatings of cold paste wax should provide the
maximum bonding and protection.
B. Apply as needed to restore maximum protection following
the removal of older wax coatings.
C. For general information on the characteristics, uses and
problems associated with bronze, see 05010-03-S.
A. Petrolite Co.
B. GAF Corporation
1361 Alps Road
Wayne, NJ 07470
C. Fisher Scientific Company
711 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15219
800/388-8355 or 412/562-8300
NOTE: Chemical products are sometimes sold under a common
name. This usually means that the substance is not as pure as
the same chemical sold under its chemical name. The grade of
purity of common name substances, however, is usually adequate
for stain removal work, and these products should be purchased
when available, as they tend to be less expensive. Common
names are indicated below by an asterisk (*).
A. Bareco 2000 wax (Petrolite Co.), or approved equal
C. Cosmolloid 80 H
D. Benzotriazole (BTA) corrosion inhibitor such as
"Cobratec" (GAF Corporation), or approved equal
E. Mineral spirits:
1. A petroleum distillate that is used especially as a
paint or varnish thinner.
2. Other chemical or common names include Benzine*
(not Benzene); Naphtha*; Petroleum spirits*;
3. Potential Hazards: TOXIC AND FLAMMABLE.
4. Safety Precautions:
a. AVOID REPEATED OR PROLONGED SKIN CONTACT.
b. ALWAYS wear rubber gloves when handling
c. If any chemical is splashed onto the skin,
wash immediately with soap and water.
5. Available from construction specialties
distributor, hardware store, paint store, or
printer's supply distributor.
F. Rags, clean soft, lint free, unsized, (such as old T-shirts or toweling)
G. Paper towels, lint free, such as Kimwipes (Fisher
Scientific Company), or approved equal.
A. Portable, hand-held propane torches
B. Hogshair brushes
1. General: Comply with recommendations of
manufacturers of waxes and coatings for protecting
building surfaces against damage from exposure to
2. Protect adjacent surfaces from contact with run-off
from hot oily waxes by covering them with liquid
strippable masking agent or polyethylene film and
waterproof masking tape. Apply masking agent to
comply with manufacturer's recommendations. Do not
apply liquid masking agent to porous surfaces.
3. Rags should be used to intercept any oily wax run-
off, so it does not come in contact with adjacent
3.02 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
A. Mix the three waxes listed in the ratio of 15%-82%-3% for
Bareco 2000/Multiwax-W-445/Cosmolloid 80 H.
B. Heat the wax until dissolved into a liquid.
C. Add BTA to make 3% solution (97% wax to 3% BTA).
D. Add mineral spirits to wax solution as it cools to make
a creamy, paste wax mixture.
E. Heat the surface of the bronze evenly with the portable
F. Brush the wax onto the heated surface, thoroughly coating
the surface. Take necessary precautions to contain all
drips with clean rags or paper towels to prevent the hot
oily wax from coming in contact with adjacent materials.
G. Allow to cool and dry thoroughly.
H. Apply two coats of paste wax (see 05010-06-P "Applying
Cold Microcrystalline Wax to Bronze Sculpture").
END OF SECTION