Removing Copper, Silver And Nickel Stains From Ceramic Tile

Procedure code:
931005S
Source:
Hspg Prepared For Nps - Sero
Division:
Finishes
Section:
Ceramic Tile
Last Modified:
02/02/2017

REMOVING COPPER, SILVER AND NICKEL STAINS FROM CERAMIC TILE

THE CLEANING OR REMOVAL OF STAINS FROM TILE MAY INVOLVE THE USE OF LIQUIDS, DETERGENTS OR SOLVENTS WHICH MAY RUN OFF ON ADJACENT MATERIAL, DISCOLOR THE TILE OR DRIVE THE STAINS DEEPER INTO POROUS TILE. USE THE PRODUCTS AND TECHNIQUES DESCRIBED HERE ONLY FOR THE COMBINATIONS OF DIRT/STAIN AND TILE SPECIFIED.

PART 1---GENERAL

1.01 SUMMARY

A. This procedure includes guidance on removing copper, silver and nickel stains from ceramic tile.

B. See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be reviewed along with this procedure. These guidelines cover the following sections:

  1. Safety Precautions
  2. Historic Structures Precautions
  3. Submittals
  4. Quality Assurance
  5. Delivery, Storage and Handling
  6. Project/Site Conditions
  7. Sequencing and Scheduling
  8. General Protection (Surface and Surrounding)
    These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing this procedure and should be followed, when applicable, along with recommendations from the Regional Historic Preservation Officer (RHPO).

PART 2---PRODUCTS

2.01 MATERIALS

NOTE: Chemical products are sometimes sold under a common name. This usually means that the substance is not as pure as the same chemical sold under its chemical name. The grade of purity of common name substances, however, is usually adequate for stain removal work, and these products should be purchased when available, as they tend to be less expensive. Common names are indicated below by an asterisk (*).

A. Household ammonia: CAUTION: DO NOT MIX AMMONIA WITH CHLORINE BLEACHES, A POISONOUS GAS WILL RESULT! DO NOT USE BLEACH ON BIRD DROPPINGS.

  1. Other chemical or common names include Ammonium Hydroxide; Ammonia water*; Aqua ammonia*.
  2. Potential hazards: TOXIC; MAY IRRITATE THE EYES.
  3. Available from chemical supply house, grocery store or pharmaceutical supply distributor, or hardware store.

B. Nitric acid (HNO3):

  1. A corrosive liquid inorganic acid used especially as an oxidizing agent, in nitrations, and in making organic compounds such as fertilizers, explosives and dyes.
  2. Potential Hazards: CORROSIVE TO FLESH; CORROSIVE TO CONCRETE, STEEL, WOOD OR GLASS.
  3. Available from chemical supply house or hardware store.

C. Clean, potable water

2.03 EQUIPMENT

A. Clean natural fiber rags, or sponges

B. Stiff bristle brushes (no iron wire)

PART 3---EXECUTION

3.01 EXAMINATION

A. Examine the ceramic tile surface carefully to determine the type and cause of staining before proceeding with any cleaning operation.

3.02 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION

A. For Copper Metal Stains: NOTE: DO NOT USE THIS TREATMENT ON GLAZED TILE.

  1. Wash the surface using a clean cloth or sponge soaked with a 10% nitric acid solution.
  2. Rinse the treated area immediately with clean, clear water and allow to dry.

B. For Silver and Nickel Stains:

  1. Wash the affected area using a clean cloth or sponge soaked with household ammonia.
  2. Rinse the treated surface with clean, clear water and allow to dry.
  3. Repeat the process as necessary to achieve the desired level of cleanliness.

 

END OF SECTION

Last Reviewed 2017-02-02