Biennial Cleaning And Stain Removal Of Woodwork
- Procedure code:
- National Capitol Region Specifications
- Wood and Plastics
- Architectural Woodwork
- Last Modified:
BIENNIAL CLEANING AND STAIN REMOVAL OF WOODWORK
- This procedure includes guidance on the routine dusting and cleaning of wood surfaces.
- See 01100-07-S for general project guidelines to be reviewed along with this procedure.
These guidelines cover the following sections:
1. Safety Precautions
2. Historic Structures Precautions
3. Quality Assurance
4. Delivery, Storage and Handling
5. Project/Site Conditions
6. Sequencing and Scheduling
7. General Protection(Surface and Surrounding)
These guidelines should be reviewed prior to performing
this procedure and should be followed, when applicable,
along with recommendations from the Regional Historic
Preservation Officer (RHPO).
A. Samples: Submit sample of stain and wood filler for approval of Contracting Officer.
A. The BWC Company (formerly Butcher Polish Company)
NOTE: Chemical products are sometimes sold under a common
name. This usually means that the substance is not as pure as
the same chemical sold under its chemical name. The grade of
purity of common name substances, however, is usually adequate
for stain removal work, and these products should be purchased
when available, as they tend to be less expensive. Common
names are indicated below by an asterisk (*).
A. Solvent: Mineral spirits, turpentine or denatured alcohol.
1. A petroleum distillate that is used especially as a
paint or varnish thinner.
2. Other chemical or common names include Benzine* (not
Benzene); Naphtha*; Petroleum spirits*; Solvent
3. Potential Hazards: TOXIC AND FLAMMABLE.
4. Safety Precautions:
a. AVOID REPEATED OR PROLONGED SKIN CONTACT.
b. ALWAYS wear rubber gloves when handling
c. If any chemical is splashed onto the skin,
wash immediately with soap and water.
5. Available from construction specialties
distributor, hardware store, paint store, or
printer's supply distributor.
1. Typically used as a solvent and thinner.
2. Potential Hazards: TOXIC AND FLAMMABLE.
3. Safety Precautions:
a. Work in a well ventilated area.
b. Observe safety rules as turpentine is
flammable, and the fumes can trip an
ionization smoke detection system.
c. Store soiled cloths in a metal safety
container to guard against spontaneous
d. Available from hardware store or paint store.
1. Other chemical or common names include Methylated
2. Potential hazards: TOXIC AND FLAMMABLE.
3. Available from hardware store, paint store or
printer's supply distributor.
4. Denatured alcohol should be a satisfactory
substitute for ethyl alcohol for stain removing
B. Cloth: Clean cotton rags
C. Sand paper: 3 grades, finest grade 00
D. Wax: Butcher's wax, such as "Butcher's paste Wax (The BWC Company, aka Butcher
E. Bleach: Standard household bleach
1. An unstable salt produced usually in aqueous
solution and used as a bleaching and disinfecting
2. Other chemical or common names include Bleaching
solution*; Household bleach*; Laundry bleach*; Sodium
Hypochlorite; Solution of chlorinated soda*.
3. Potential Hazards: CORROSIVE TO FLESH.
4. Available from chemical supply house, grocery store
or supermarket, hardware store or janitorial supply
F. Oil Stain and Thinner: To achieve a match between stained
areas and original wood finish.
G. Shellac burn-in sticks
H. Clean, potable water
3.01 ERECTION, INSTALLATION, APPLICATION
A. Dust with a solvent-treated soft cloth.
B. Dry rub with a soft cloth to maintain the polish, rubbing
along the grain of the wood.
C. Stain and Spot Removal: Stains may be cleaned by promptly
wiping with cloth dampened in clear water or rubbing with
cloth dampened in solvent. Dry the wood with a soft
cloth. White spots may be removed by rubbing them with
a small amount of linseed oil.
D. Old Stain Removal: If water and solvent fail to remove
dark stains, brush full-strength bleach onto stained area
and allow to stand one minute. Use clean, cotton rags to
keep the bleach from running. TEST BLEACH IN A SMALL
INCONSPICUOUS AREA PRIOR TO USING THE BLEACH ON THE LARGE
STAIN TO ENSURE THAT IT WILL NOT DAMAGE THE WOOD.
1. Rinse bleach completely from wood.
2. If area is too light in color, carefully apply a
small amount of stain to match original wood
3. Lightly sand area and apply wax following
manufacturer's instructions using clean cotton
rags, rubbing in direction of wood grain.
E. Biennial Cleaning:
1. Damp-wipe woodwork with a soft cloth dampened in
2. Promptly dry the wood with a soft cloth, rubbing
along the grain.
3. Polish by dry rubbing with a soft cloth.
F. Fill scratches and gouges with shellac burn-in sticks
matching color to the wood stain.
G. Apply wax following manufacturer's instructions using
clean cotton rags, rubbing in direction of wood grain.
H. See also 06400-01-P and 06400-01-R for guidance on the
general cleaning of wood surfaces.
END OF SECTION